Spatial Planning

G.O. Thomas (I-065); D. Yatağan Baumeister (chair); A. Tseng. Location: A8

Can’t see the route for the trees: Using an experimental wayfinding game to demonstrate how routines can blind people to quicker shortcuts

G.O. Thomas & I. Walker

Previous work suggests that car users misconceive the location and practicality of routes for alternative travel modes, and this lack of awareness may be a barrier to using environmentally-sustainable travel. One potential explanation is highlighted by literature demonstrating that routines can repress tendencies to recognise alternative options, and routine use of a particular travel method (e.g., car) may limit people’s ability to perceive alternative routes (e.g., bicycle paths). To investigate this ‘blindness’ of alternate paths, an open-world wayfinding task was designed where a shortcut was available, but not obviously highlighted. Simulating control of a bicycle or car, the use of the shortcut was explored in two studies. In study 1, routine wayfinding choices were linked to lower use of alternative shortcuts, but changing the context of the task (wayfinding using a different travel mode) led to progressively greater use of available shortcuts. In study 2, frequent cycling experience was linked to greater use of shortcuts than for non-frequent cyclists. Results suggest that promoting alternative routes could be beneficial during times of context change, with implications for using context discontinuity to disrupt biased information searches, and also highlighting a novel approach to wayfinding simulations.

Architectural Design for Children in Intercultural Environments

D. Yatağan Baumeister

This research aims to find architectural solutions to help children with migratory backgrounds feel at home in intercultural environments, improve communication with children from other cultures, and find safe personal and social places. To investigate the architectural and interior design features affecting children’s behaviours, four recently built or renovated primary schools and one kindergarten were visited, all located in culturally diverse Berlin neighbourhoods. Children’s interactions with the designs were observed, and schoolmasters and designers were interviewed. Findings show that places’ relations to open spaces and nature help determine both selection of personal places and the social interactions occurring there. The frequency of usage seems to be affected by the colour palettes utilized in designing a place. Place attachment is also related to the amount of participation children have in the design process and their ability to personalize places with photos or objects. Children tend to interact with designs without a significant aim instead of those with obvious intended functionality, and will find new uses for designed places, differing from the architects’ intentions. Architects and planners can use this research to design places and buildings for culturally diverse environments, allowing children to feel at home and form bonds.

The influence of primal landscape and childhood nature experience on adulthood environmental attitude

W. Wu, T. A. Tseng, &  F. G. Kaiser

Geographer and social psychologist investigate people and development of sense of place found the importance of childhood experiences. Contact natural environment in childhood has a considerable degree of influence on the future life, and Japanese scholars bring up the term of primal landscape to explain preference of certain environment evoked by childhood landscapes, and the influence from interaction with environment and landscape. Few studies examine the formation of environmental attitudes is from childhood or adulthood. Furthermore, some studies only emphasis on the simplicity of relationship between primal landscape and environmental attitudes, or natural experience and environmental attitudes, lack of the integrating perspectives to explore the relationship between these variables. In this study, the empirical and quantitative methodology used to test 436 college students’s primal original landscape, natural experience of childhood and their environmental attitudes in present. The results of structural equation model show that if the primal landscapes of childhood is the natural environment , the primal landscape has a significant impact on children's natural experience, and these childhood natural experience also has significant influence on their sense of nature relatedness, the sense of nature relatedness in adult has significant impact on their environment attitudes, which means the natural experience in childhood and sense of nature relatedness during adulthood are important mediate variables. There is no such relationship among these variables if the subjects’ primal landscape are non- natural environment.